Упражнения на времена (общие)

Упражнение 1.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Indefinite, Present Continuous или Future Indefinite.

1. It (to be) cold in autumn. It often (to rain). A cold wind often (to blow).

2. The weather (to be) fine today. It (to be) warm, the sun (to shine) brightly. A soft wind (to blow). Small white clouds (to sail) in the sky.

3. Don’ t go out: it (to rain) heavily.

4. Take your raincoat with you. I am afraid it (to rain) in the evening and you (to get) wet through if you (not to put) it on.

5. Every spring birds (to come) to our garden and (to sing) in the trees.

6. Listen! Somebody (to sing) in the next room.

7. It usually (not to snow) at this time of the year.

8. What the weather (to be) like now? It (to snow)? — No, it … .

9. We (to go) out of town to ski on Sunday? — Yes, we … if it (to snow) this week and if there (to be) a lot of snow everywhere.

10. What you (to do) tomorrow? — We (to go) out of town if the weather (not to change) for the worse. You (to come) with us? — With pleasure, if only I (not to have) too much work to do at home.

11. If we (to have) televisions at our supermarket, they (to inform) customers about things in the store.

12. If we (to play) music, it (to produce) the right atmosphere.

13. If we (to put) in cameras, they (to stop) people stealing things.

14. If we (to employ) more assistants, they (to help) our customers.

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Упражнение 2.

Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в Present Indefinite или Past Indefinite.

1. Tom always (to eat) breakfast.

2. Yesterday he (not to eat) breakfast because he (to get) up late.

3. We (to like) to cook but we (not to like) to wash the dishes.

4. He never (to shout) at his students. He (to be) a wonderful teacher, I remember.

5. My friend (to know) Spanish very well.

6. Who (to ring) you up an hour ago?

7. He (to live) on the third floor.

8. It (to take) you long to find his house yesterday?

9. When your lessons (to be) over on Monday?

10. I (to have) dinner with my family yesterday.

11. Her friends (to be) ready at five o’clock.

12. One of her brothers (to make) a tour of Europe last summer.

13. Queen Elizabeth II (to be) born in 1926. She (to become) Queen of England in 1952.

14. You always (to get) up at seven o’clock? — No, sometimes I (to get) up at half past seven.

15. Antonio Stradivari (to make) wonderful violins.

16. Who (to paint) the world-known picture “Mona Lisa” ?

17. She (to know) all the works of Chopin. She (to enjoy) listening to his waltz last night.

18. Steven’s friends (to come) to his birthday party last night and (to give) him wonderful presents. His parents (to cook) a special dinner for him. His girlfriend (to promise) to come, but she (not to be) there. He (to try) to phone, but he couldn’t get through. He (to be) really upset. Only she (not to wish) him a Happy Birthday.

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Упражнение 3.

Переведите на английский, используя Present Indefinite или Past Indifinite.

1. Я ученик. 2. Он летчик. 3. Она доктор. 4. Мы школьники. 5. Вы рабочие. 6. Ты рабочий. 7. Они ученики. 8. Я дома. 9. Он в школе. 10. Она в кино? 11. Мы в парке. 12. Они в театре? 13. Она молодая? 14. Он старый. 15. Она не старая. 16. Они сильные. 17. Она больна. 18. Вы больны? 19. Он болен? 20. Я не болен. 21. Я был болен вчера. 22. Она не была больна. 23. Мы были в кино. 24. Погода была прекрасная. Было тепло и солнечно. Мои дети были в школе, а мой муж был на работе. Я была в саду. Там было много красивых цветов. Это было весной. Я была счастлива.

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Упражнение 4.

Используйте Present Indefinite или Present Continuous.

1. He has suffered a great deal of pain. You (not to think) he (to behave) very well, though?
2. “I (to live) up there,” she said, indicating the gates.
3. I never (to change) my shoes even when I (to get) my feet wet.
4. “By the way,” I asked Arthur, “what Bill (to do) now?”
5. The guard stared at him. “You (to have) a pass?”
6. “Mr Brown (to play) cards?” he asked.
7. “Luis (to keep) something secret.” “He (not to tell) you everything?”
8. They will have to stay with us when they (to arrive) here.
9. “And what has become of Mr Jones?” the man asked, “He (to do) well.”
10. “You must forgive me,” Mr Smith said, “but I (not to touch) alcohol.”
11. It’s no use mumbling at me out of the side of your mouth, and imagining that you (to speak) French.
12. “Dan,” she said, turning to her husband with her hand over the mouthpiece, “why your brother (to call) so early?”
13. I (to believe) she (to feel) foolish this morning.
14. If there is one thing I (not to like) on a voyage it is the unexpected. Naturally I (not to talk) of the sea. The sea (to present) no problem.
15. He will give me a welcome whenever I (to come) here.
16. A very old woman was staring at them intently. “We (to do) something to attract attention?” Grace asked.
17. At the further end of the village (to stand) the medieval church.
18. “I shall go mad if this (to go) on much longer,” said Rex.
19. “Where’s Mrs Hardy?” “Downstairs, Sir. She (to greet) the guests.”
20. May I put ray car away in your garage in case anyone (to come)?
21. He gave me a smile as much as to say: “I only (to joke).”
22. Mr Smith and I never (to travel) anywhere without a bottle of aspirin.
23. The wheel of her bicycle was bent out of shape. “What I (to do) now?” she asked.
24. She always (to try) to show off to her husband that she can do without him.
25. The doctor (not to see) the patients today. He has been called away.
26. “If you (to feel) so strongly,” she said, “why you (not to do) something about it?”

Ответы:


Упражнение 5.

Раскройте скобки и поставьте глаголы в правильную форму.

Of late I (devote) myself to the study of literature. It (become) clear to me what valuable friends books (be)! They (be) never cross or disagreeable, nor. like false friends, they (flatter). The characters described in the books of the great novelists (become) so real to me that I long (regard) them as my personal friends, and (long) to shake them by the hand. Our friends in life often (disappoint) us. they may go away and forget us. or they (become) our enemies, but we (can) always rely on our books. In life we (be) often disappointed of our dearest hopes, our ambitions (be) not realized, we (lose) our most prized possessions. But nothing (can) ever rob the memory that (be) well stocked with the gems of literature, and even though we (become) blind, or (sink) to destitution, we (can) always draw from the deep well of memory the thoughts that (delight) us in the past. How much I (regret) the time I (spend) in pursuing the shadows of this world, when I (may) (store) my mind with useful knowledge.

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Упражнение 6.

Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в форму либо простого прошедшего (Past Indefinite), либо настоящего совершенного времени (Present Perfect):

1. I just (tell) ____ you the answer.

2. I (tell) ____ you the answer yesterday.

3. John and Richard just (go) ____ away.

4. She already (answer) ____ the letter.

5. She (answer) ____ the letter on Tuesday.

6. John and David (go) ____ away five minutes ago.

7. I (read) ____ that book in June.

8. I (not, see) ____ him for three years. I want to know where he is.

9. I (fly) ____ over Loch Ness last week. — You (see) ____ the Loch Ness monster?

10. When he (come) ____? — He (come) ____ at 2.00.

11. I (read) ____ his books when I was at school. I (like) ____ them very much.

12. I can’t go out because I (not, do) ____ my work.

13. I (write) ____ the letter but I can’t find a stamp.

14. I (leave) ____ home at 8.00 and (get) ____ here at twelve.

15. You (have) ____ breakfast yet? — Yes, I (have) ____ it at 8.00.

16. I (meet) ____ him last June.

17. You (see) ____ the film last night?

18. The film just (begin) ____. You are a little late.

19. The newspaper (come) ____? — Yes, Ann is reading it.

20. He (break) ____ his leg last year.

21. You (be) ____ here before? — Yes, I (have) ____ my holidays here last year. — You (have) ____ a good time? — No, it was raining all the time.

Ответы:


Упражнение 7.

Заполните пробелы соответствующей формой глагола, данного в скобках (либо Past Indefinite, либо Past Continous):

Last night, while I was doing my homework, Angela (call) ____ . She said she (call) ____ me on her cell phone from her biology classroom at UCLA. I asked her if she (wait) ____ for class, but she said that the professor was at the front of the hall lecturing while she (talk) ____ to me. I couldn’t believe she (make) ____ a phone call during the lecture. I asked what was going on.

She said her biology professor was so boring that several of the students (sleep, actually) ____ in class. Some of the students (talk) ____ about their plans for the weekend and the student next to her (draw) ____ a picture of a horse. When Angela (tell) ____ me she was not satisfied with the class, I (mention) ____ that my biology professor was quite good and (suggest) ____ that she switch to my class. 

While we were talking, I (hear) ____ her professor yell, “Miss, are you making a phone call?” Suddenly, the line went dead. I (hang) ____ up the phone and went to the kitchen to make dinner. As I (cut) ____ vegetables for a salad, the phone rang once again. It (be) ____ Angela, but this time she wasn’t sitting in class.

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Упражнение 8.

Отметьте, какие предложения из приведенных — неправильные:

1. He has been to many countries.

2. He has been to Venezuela last year.

3. My first job was in a factory. I did it for 3 months.

4. My first job was in a factory. I’ve done it for 3 months.

5. President Kennedy has been assassinated in Dallas.

6. President Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas.

7. He’s broken his leg. 8. He’s been breaking his leg.

9. Who’s been eating my sandwich? It was here a minute ago. 10. Who’s eaten my sandwich? It was here a minute ago.

11. I’ve been writing all morning.

12. I’ve been writing four letters.

13. How many cigarettes have you been smoking?

14. What have you done to your eye? It’s red.

15. What did you do since I last saw you? 16. Your taxi arrived. It’s waiting outside.

17. How long have you known your girlfriend?

18. We already have that car for several years.

19. How many pints of beer had he drunk when he crashed?

20. I didn’t see him before he left on holiday.

21. I’ve been knowing Jane for years now.

22. Have you enjoyed your summer holidays?

23. She’s been married three times.

24. My aunt, who is dead now, married three times.

25. Sorry I’m late, have you been waiting long?

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